I have found some websites that cover a wide range of instruments.
There's more to come, this will take a long time.
Feel free to discuss
How to Tune
Tutorial on Drum Tuning
Simply, How to Tune Drums
The Art of drum tuning, has samples of some famous drummer's tunings
How to set up and tune the drums
How to tune a conga
How to maintain drums
Fixing Cracked Cymbals
Reskinning a Djembe
Djembe Drum Repair website
Misc Drum Information
How to buy a drumset
Recording the Drums
What other instruments are in the mandolin family?
The (tenor) mandola and mandocello are larger members of the mandolin family tuned respectively like a viola (C, G, D, A ascending) and violoncello (C, G, D, A ascending). In other words, a mandola is a fifth lower than a mandolin, and a mandocello an octave and a fifth. A mandobass is a very rare beast, having four single strings tuned in fourths like a double bass (E, A, D, G ascending). An octave mandola has no violin family equivalent and is tuned an octave below a mandolin.
-Taken from http://22.214.171.124...or/MandoFAQ.htm --Which has a great FAQ page. Check it out.
Where can I get some Mandolin Strings?
Newtone: highly recommended, handmade by Malcolm Newton Tel: (01773 714409)
D'Addario (available most shops)
Picato (available most shops or tel: 01443 437928).
Many round-back players prefer flat-wound strings by Thomastik
(enquire at your local music shop - you will probably have to order specially).
(Also taken from http://126.96.36.199...r/MandoFAQ.htm)
Tuning the Mandolin:
Standard mandolin tuning is by far the most common: GDAE in fifths, starting at G below middle C. (On 8-string instruments, the string pairs are usually tuned in unison.) On a 5-string or 10-string mandolin, the extra course is usually a low C, giving the player the combined range of a mandolin and a mandola in one instrument. The lower course may also be tuned to D, which makes chords somewhat easier.
Plenty of alternate tunings are possible. Blues, slide, or Celtic players may want to try open tunings such as ADAD, GDGD, or GDAD (any of which will work over a low D). Maestro Alex Gregory recommends alternate tunings for some of his Pentasystem instruments (the Pentaula, for example, he likes to tune to AEBF#C#, although other tunings are certainly possible). U Srinivas, the Indian Karnatic virtuoso, plays a 5-course instrument tuned to CGCGC. John Kruth tunes his Fender Mandocaster to ADF#A. And blues pioneer Yank Rachell, in order to play comfortably in the key of E, tuned his mandolins a step and half down to EBF#C# (similar to what Pete Seeger did with his long-neck banjo).
Guitarists who want to diversify their sound without learning new chord shapes sometimes tune the mandolin like a guitar with one or two strings missing. I've seen it alleged that blues player Johnny Young tuned to DGBE (although I've also seen it alleged that he didn't); the same has been alleged of Led Zeppelin's Jimmy Page. (The opening mandolin riff to Zeppelin's "Battle of Evermore" is reportedly a lot easier in DGBE than in standard tuning.) Jazz player John Abercrombie also reportedly uses a guitar-based tuning. Other possibilities, depending on the number of strings, are EADG, EADGB, and ADGBE.
Standard tuning for other electric mandolin-family instruments is as follows:
Mandola ("tenor mandola" in Europe): CGDA (a fifth below mandolin)
Octave mandolin ("mandola" in Europe): GDAE (an octave below mandolin)
Mandocello: CGDA (an octave below mandola)
Bouzoukis and citterns have several common tunings—none of which is really "standard," although individual players have their favorites. If you want to know the difference between a bouzouki and a cittern—so do I! Generally speaking, a Greek bouzouki has three courses; an Irish bouzouki has four; a cittern has five. In some circles it may be acceptable to call an octave mandolin a "bouzouki." In other circles the bouzouki has a longer neck than the octave mandolin, and may have two courses where the string pairs are tuned in octaves rather than in unison. Also generally speaking, bouzoukis and citterns are more likely to be tuned in combinations of fourths and fifths than they are in straight fifths.
Bouzouki tunings include GDAE, GDAD, ADAD, and GDGD. Citterns may be tuned CGDAE, DGDAD, DGDGD, DADAD, CGCGC, CGDAD, GDAEB, GCGCG, ADADA, AEAEA, EIEIO—I mean, the sky's the limit. Use your imagination.
Finally, there's at least one instrument on this site (by Texas violin maker F. A. Thorp) that was meant for a "baritone" tuning: FCGDA, like a mandola with an extra low F string. Which is fine with me.
(Taken from the great website, http://www.emando.com/faq.htm --Which has tons of information on mandolins, check it out...)
Mandolin TAB archieve:
Here are some websites with some good, free, mandolin tabs:
What is the ideal humidity for a piano?
The ideal humidity for a piano is 40-50%.
How many keys does a piano have?
The "average" piano has 88 keys, of these, 36 are black keys commonly known as "sharps".
There are also some pianos made with 85 keys and one with more than 88! (The Bosendorfer 9'6" concert grand has 97, but not much music is written for these extra keys. The extra keys are mainly there because of the additional resonance produced by the extra strings and large soundboard).
You would be safe in saying that a piano has 88 keys!
How do I figure out what "type" of piano I have?
If you measure the instrument from the floor to the top, you can get a better idea of what type you have. Spinet pianos are generally 37" and under, consoles run from 38" to 43", studios from about 44" to 52". Another way to tell is to open the top and look down inside. If the "action" (the moving parts) rests on the back end of the keys, it is a console, if it appears to drop down below the end of the keys and then back up again, it is a spinet.
What does a piano weigh?
The following is from "The Piano Book" by Larry Fine:
The average spinet or console weighs in at from three hundred to five hundred pounds, full-size uprights at about seven hundred, but sometimes as much as a thousand. Grands vary from about five hundred to a thousand pounds though a concert grand may weigh as much as thirteen hundred.
According to the "Pierce Piano Atlas", in general the "box" for an upright piano adds between seventy five and one hundred fifty pounds (I presume they mean wooden crates).
I want to replace some keys, how do I remove the old ones?
The following is from the book "Piano Servicing & Rebuilding" by Arthur Reblitz.
Old ivory may be removed by heating it for a minute with an iron set on medium, and then slipping a 1" wide putty knife under it. Some old plastic keys may be removed with methylene chloride, a highly volatile solvent which softens the glue. Never apply heat to plastic or celluloid keytops.
Ivory can be identified by its grain pattern, which with careful examination will be seen to resemble a wood-grain. Plastic and celluloid sometimes have a simulated grain, which will be much more uniform than that of genuine ivory. After removing the keytop, remove the old glue by sanding. To keep from rounding the edges of the key, tape a piece of sandpaper down to a flat surface and rub the key over it until clean and flat.
Will moving a piano make it go out of tune?
That depends on what you mean by "moving". If you are just moving the piano from one room to another (or another area in the same room) the answer is no. If you are moving it some distance from one house (or store) to another, the answer is ... maybe. If the piano is going to be jostled around in a truck and subjected to changes in temperature and humidity it will likely speed up its going out of tune.
How often should I have my piano tuned?
The Piano Technician's Guild and most manufacturers recommend having a new piano tuned 4 times the first year and twice a year thereafter. Even if the instrument isn't played very often it is still a good idea to keep it tuned up. Pianos (except possibly the very old "square" ones) are designed to be tuned to A440 (the A above middle C vibrating at 440 cycles per second). This is considered to be "concert pitch".
What are the different pedals for?
Usually, with two pedals the left one is the Soft pedal. On a baby grand, the soft pedal actually shifts the entire "action" mechanism (the moving parts that rest on the back end of the keys) slightly to one side causing the hammers (the oval shaped felt pieces that strike the strings) to only strike two of the three strings which makes the sound softer.
On a vertical (upright) piano, the left pedal moves the action closer to the strings. Because they can't travel as far, they don't hit the strings as hard, again making the sound softer.
On both types of pianos, the right pedal, called the "sustain pedal" lifts the "dampers" (felt covered blocks that normally mute the string sound when a key is released) which causes the notes to sustain until either the pedal is released or the sound dies out.
The addition of the middle pedal is a little more complicated. It can perform a number of functions depending on the model of the piano. On many verticals (uprights) and some baby grands it works as a bass sustain. That is, pressing down on the middle pedal only sustains the notes in the bass section. On some verticals, it operated a "rinky tink" or "honky tonk" bar that lowered a series of felt strips with little metal pieces on the ends of them so that they came between the hammers and the strings. This produced a "rinky tink" sound.
Sometimes the center pedal is a "practice" pedal that lowers a long felt strip between the hammers and strings, muffling the sound so that it doesn't disturb others when the pianist is practicing. I have even seen (cheap) upright pianos where the center pedal was actually attached to the left pedal.
On most better baby grand pianos, the center pedal is a ""sostenuto" pedal. A sostenuto pedal only sustains the bass note(s) played immediately before pressing the pedal. This would in effect work like a "third" hand by keeping only the chosen notes sustained while playing other notes.
Is the piano a string or percussion instrument?
In spite of the fact that the average piano has about 230 strings, it is considered a percussion instrument. Symphony orchestra's consider it part of the percussion section.
Thanks to http://www.pianoworld.com/faq.htm for all the help!
What are some good Free Sheet Music sites?
More to come, also dont hesistate to use google.
I just got a blues harp, where shall I start?
Note: Taken from DADFAD, thanks for the help man.
There are several good books and videos, etc. But there have been some really extensive and informative topics in this forum about it (probably enough for a book!) including tips, techniques, tunes and even equipment for electric set-ups, etc. I can probably find several of them. And this isn't a really long forum. Going back over the pages isn't too time-consuming so you might wanna try that too.
Here are some links concerning the blues harp.
Once again, Thank you dadfad for all your help.
Check out this website, Free online singing lessons!
What is a sitar?
The sitar a classical Indian stringed instrument, characterised by a long neck, large bulbous body, droning strings and buzzing tones.
Who are some famous sitarists?
Pundit Ravi Shankar
George Harrison (student of the above)
How many strings does it have?
There are two main playing strings, 4 bass playing strings, 3 chackari strings (tuned high, not frettable), and 11-14 tarb strings (drone strings).
The main playing strings are fingered like for the guitar; the chickari strings are closest to the player's hand and are flicked every so often to give the familiar tinkle sound, they cannot be fretted and run along the side of the neck. The tarbs sit underneath the main strings and cannot be touched easily. THey are tuned to notes of the scale, the important notes (I, IV, V, etc) have several strings of that pitch. They resonate in sympathy with the main strings and give the droning echo-like sound.
What's with the buzzing?
The brige does not have a sharp edge, but a curved one, so the last few millimetres of the strings touch the bridge as they vibrate. This reduces sustain but gives a warm buzzing sound.
How is it tuned?
The sitar is a modal instrument. That is, it's tuned to an open chord and to change keys it needs to be re-tuned. Common tunings are for C, C# or D. I tune to D.
What's with the funny scales/ragas?
Ragas are subsets of regular scales. They have very defined rules abvout what notes appear and in what order. The ragas are usually played at certain times of the day as they create different moods.
An example is, in the key of C:
Ascending B C E F G A B C
Descending C Bb A G F E D C
Note how on the ascent we start on B and omit D, on the descent we flatten B and include D.
Why do some have 2 gourds?
More expensive sitars have 2 gourds (the bulbous bodies). These create louder sounds but are heavier.
How is it played?
The player sits cross-legged and the instrument is balanced on his bare foot anf knee. It needs to support from a hand.
A wire pick, the mizrab, is place on the index finger. The thumb is balanced on the edge of the neck and the strings are plucked with in-out sweeps of the *whole* hand.
The left hand technique technique is very different from the guitar. The beginner is encouraged to use just one string and to slide up and down it. Only on finger is used (index) except when playing the highest note before descending the neck again, in this case the middle finger is used for the highest note.
What is a balalaika?
It is the small triangluar Russian instrument. Characterised by a tiny soundhole, beautiful decoration, and pointy corners! You will recognise one from my avatar!
How many strings does it have?
3, though ones with 6 in 3 pairs are not uncommon.
How is it tuned?
E A A usually.
How is it played?
It is very similar to the guitar or mandolin, though a plectrum is not normally used.
Rather than chords, single-note lead work is usually employed.
I've seen huge ones, what gives?
Like saxophones, they come in different sizes. Tenor, bass, etc. The largest I have seen was the size of a man!
A Big special thanks to dc197
How to Tune
Here is a website that covers a lot of the lap steel tunings: